This project looks at the recovery process and adaptation strategies of local communities affected by a volcanic eruption. Noting a large gap in the understanding of post-disaster period, I aim to understand the different stages and strategies which lead the recovery process and the adaptation choices, especially in terms of sustainable development and reduction of the previous vulnerability. I also address the role of the volcano and the eruption in re-shaping the affected place. Based on the case of Montserrat, a Caribbean island strongly affected by a volcanic eruption since 1995, I observe and try to understand the major changes in that place. Considering that a main change in the island following the eruption is the strong increase of immigration of workers from poorer neighbour islands, I aim to understand how immigration patterns can reveal the recovery processes and how it impacts on the vulnerability of the communities to potential future eruption and on the level of preparedness to natural hazards. My research is conducted through qualitative and participatory methods, such as social mapping and focus group discussions with the immigrant and Montserratian communities. This project is part of the STREVA (Strengthening Resilience in Volcanic Areas) project, under the supervision of Peter Simmons, Anna Hicks, Jenni Barclay and Roger Few.